Insulin

What is it?

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A hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates glucose levels in the blood.

How it is produced?

How it is produced? Click to Flip
Normally produced in response to raised glucose levels following a meal and promotes glucose absorption into the liver and muscle cells

Prevention

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Insulin prevents a build-up of glucose and ensures that tissues have sufficient amounts of glucose.

Failure of Insulin

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Failure of insulin production results in diabetes mellitus

Insulinoma

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An insulinoma is a rare tumour that causes excessive production of insulin and consequent attacks of hypoglycaemia.

Treatment of Diabetes mellitus

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Insulin replacement, self-administered by injection or through an infusion pump, is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus

Preparations

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Preparations are produced from pig or ox pancreas or, more commonly, by genetic engineering

Preventions

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Treatment prevents excessively high glucose levels in the blood and ketosis, which, in severe cases, may cause coma

Causes of high a dose of Insulin

How it is produced? Click to Flip
Too high a dose of insulin will cause hypoglycaemia, which can be relieved by consuming food or a sugary drink

What does hypoglycaemia cause?

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Severe hypoglycaemia may cause coma, for which emergency treatment with an injection of glucose or glucagon is necessary.
December 12, 2019

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