What is it?

Potent opioids Click to Flip
A hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates glucose levels in the blood.

How it is produced?

How it is produced? Click to Flip
Normally produced in response to raised glucose levels following a meal and promotes glucose absorption into the liver and muscle cells


Prevention Click to Flip
Insulin prevents a build-up of glucose and ensures that tissues have sufficient amounts of glucose.

Failure of Insulin

Leukotriene receptor antagonists Click to Flip
Failure of insulin production results in diabetes mellitus


Insulinoma Click to Flip
An insulinoma is a rare tumour that causes excessive production of insulin and consequent attacks of hypoglycaemia.

Treatment of Diabetes mellitus

Potent opioids Click to Flip
Insulin replacement, self-administered by injection or through an infusion pump, is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus


Preparations Click to Flip
Preparations are produced from pig or ox pancreas or, more commonly, by genetic engineering


Potent opioids Click to Flip
Treatment prevents excessively high glucose levels in the blood and ketosis, which, in severe cases, may cause coma

Causes of high a dose of Insulin

How it is produced? Click to Flip
Too high a dose of insulin will cause hypoglycaemia, which can be relieved by consuming food or a sugary drink

What does hypoglycaemia cause?

Preparations Click to Flip
Severe hypoglycaemia may cause coma, for which emergency treatment with an injection of glucose or glucagon is necessary.
December 12, 2019

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