Cerebral Palsy

What is it?

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A disorder of posture and movement resulting from damage to a child’s developing brain before, during, or immediately after birth, or in early childhood.

Cerebral Palsy: Nature

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Cerebral palsy is nonprogressive and varies in degree from slight clumsiness of hand movement and gait to complete immobility.

A child with cerebral palsy :

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may have spastic paralysis (abnormal stiffness of muscles), athetosis (involuntary writhing movements), or ataxia (loss of coordination and balance).

Other disorders:

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such as hearing defects or epileptic seizures, may be present. About 70 per cent of affected children have mental impairment, but the remainder are of normal or high intelligence.

Causes:

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maternal infection spreading to the baby in the uterus, kernicterus. Possible causes after birth include encephalitis, meningitis, head injury, or intracerebral haemorrhage.

Diagnosis:

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Initially, the infant may have hypotonic (floppy) muscles, be difficult to feed, and show delay in sitting without support.

Treatment:

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using specialized physiotherapy, speech therapy, and techniques and devices for nonverbal communication.

 

Cerebral Thrombosis

 

December 17, 2019

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