Cardiomegaly

What is it?

Cardiomegaly Click to Flip
Enlargement of the heart. Cardiomegaly may take the form of hypertrophy of the heart muscle or of dilatation of 1 or more of the heart chambers.

Occurence

Click to Flip
Hypertrophy occurs in conditions in which the heart has to work harder than normal to pump blood around the body.

What it include?

What it include? Click to Flip
These include hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and one type of cardiomyopathy.

Dilatation of a heart chamber

Dilatation Click to Flip
May be due to heart valve incompetence (failure of a valve to close properly after a contraction) such as occurs in aortic insufficiency.

Symptoms

Cardiomegaly Click to Flip
Symptoms may not occur until the heart has enlarged to the point where it cannot cope with additional stress

Diagnosed by

diagnosed by Click to Flip
Cardiomegaly is diagnosed by physical examination, chest X-ray, and ECG.

Treatment

Potent opioids Click to Flip
Treatment is directed at the underlying cause.
December 12, 2019

1 responses on "Cardiomegaly"

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