ADDERALL: Amphetamine Group of Drugs

central nervous system stimulant

ADDERALL is an amphetamine group of drugs (dextroamphetamine-amphetamine) which is central nervous system stimulant. It is classified as a Schedule II drug that provides improved medicinal effects but at the same time it has the potential to abuse.

Primary Uses:

  1. ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a treatable neurobehavioral disorder that is defined by persistent and maladaptive symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention. ADHD is one of the most common psychiatric conditions of childhood. ADDERALL acts by increasing dopamine release from brain which gives a feeling of euphoria or pleasure.
  2. NARCOLEPSY: A form of sleeping disorder. ADDERALL has the potential to keep the person active and awake for a longer time.

Adverse effects:

  • Central nervous system:

Large doses of stimulants can lead to psychosis, seizures, and cardiovascular events. The induction of schizophrenic-like states in abusers is well documented in various studies. Psychosis including visual hallucinations, delusions, anorexia, flattening of effect, and insomnia are documented.

  • Cardiovascular system:

The most common cardiovascular effects include hypertension and tachycardia. In addition, cardiomyopathy, cardiac dysrhythmias, and necrotizing vasculitis have been described in some research. Adderall use is associated with myocardial infarction and even sudden death in certain isolated reports.

  • Other minor adverse effects:

Abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, insomnia, jitteriness, irritability, nausea, and palpitations.

Amphetamine

Drug interactions:

  • buspirone, lithium, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drugs (including citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, others), tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline, others) or other medicine to treat depression or mental illness;
  • blood pressure medicine;
  • heartburn medicine;
  • a blood thinner such as warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven;
  • cold or allergy medicine that contains a decongestant;
  • opioid (narcotic) medicine; or
  • seizure medicine.

Misuse:

  • Abuse and addiction: There are high chances of abuse and addiction particularly among the adolescent group since it is used for the long term.
  • Obesity – To reduce obesity
  • Athletics- Improve performance

 

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